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38 www.coalage.com January-February 2017 health & safety continued Next Steps As the industry works to improve miners' situational awareness, it is imperative that miners fully understand the meaning of the information provided, how it can be used on a more frequent basis, and the value of empowering miners to use this information to reduce risk. With the intro- duction of a new technology, the industry needs to: • Determine what information is necessary; • Evaluate the effectiveness and design of the technology; • Increase the availability and adoption of the technology; • Promote the health and safety bene- fits gained by the technology; and • Develop training and interventions that support the use of the technology. Technology integration is a gradual process as can be seen by the differences outlined in relation to gas, dust and loca- tion information. The technology itself first needs to mature to fully determine the "what," as currently is the case with proximity detection systems. Is the right information incorporated into the right format to mitigate risk? With prevalence comes the "when," as exemplified by the data offered by the CPDM. Having dust information available in real time offers benefits that were not previously possible, but continued communication and train- ing efforts are still necessary to solidify miners' understanding. Finally, the "who" may be the greatest challenge to technol- ogy integration, while maximizing the health and safety benefits. Continued re- search will help to optimize the availabil- ity of this information to assist miners in reducing risk. Jennica Bellanca is a bio/mechanical engineer for NIOSH in the Pittsburgh Min- ing Research Division (PMRD). She can be reached at JBellanca@cdc.gov. Brianna Eiter is a research behavioral scientist and Tim Orr is a computer engineer also with NIOSH PMRD. 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